The basics of linux. Its history, why you should use it, what you need to have, and the basic in's and out's of the OS.


What is Linux?
Much the same as Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8, and Mac OS X, Linux is an operating system. An operating system is a software that deals with the majority of the hardware resources connected with your desktop or portable PC. Basically – the operating system deals with the correspondence between your software and your hardware. 

Without the operating system which is widely known as "OS", the product wouldn't work. The primary difference between Linux and many other popular contemporary operating systems is that the Linux kernel and other components are that it is a freeware s. Linux is not the only such operating system, although it is by far the most widely used. Some free and open-source software licenses are based on the principle of copyleft, a kind of reciprocity: any work derived from a copyleft piece of software must also be copyleft itself. The most common free software license, the GNU General Public License (GPL), is a form of copyleft, and is used for the Linux kernel and many of the components from the GNU Project.

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Why use Linux?
This is the one question that a great many people ask. Why try taking in a totally diverse computing environment, when the operating system that ships with most desktops, laptops, and servers works fine and dandy? To answer that question, I would offer another question. Does that operating system you're at present using truly work "just fine"? Or are you continually battling viruses, malware, slowdowns, crashes, costly repairs, and licensing fees? On the off chance that you struggle with the above, and want to free yourself from the constant fear of losing information or taking your PC in for the "yearly clean up," Linux may be the ideal platform for you. Linux has advanced into one of the most dependable PC ecosystems on the planet. Consolidate that unwavering quality with zero expense of entry and you have the ideal answer for a desktop platform. 

In case you're a system administrator, working with Linux is a blessing from heaven. No more day by day server babysitting. In fact, Linux is as near as "set it and overlook it" as you will ever find. Furthermore, in case, one service on the server requires restarting, re-designing, updating, etc...most likely whatever is left of the server won't be affected. 

What is a “distribution?"
Linux has various distinctive versions to suit any type of client. From new clients to hardcore clients, you'll discover a "flavor" of Linux to match your needs. These variants are called distributions (or, in the short form, "distros.") Nearly every distribution of Linux can be downloaded for zero cost, burned onto disk (or USB thumb drive), and installed (on as many machines as you like).

7 most popular Linux distributions:
Ubuntu Linux
Linux Mint
Arch Linux

Every distribution has an alternate take on the desktop. Some settle on exceptionally advanced user interfaces, (for example, Ubuntu's Unity, above, and Deepin’s Deepin Desktop), while others stay with a more conventional desktop environment (openSUSE utilizes KDE).

Which distribution is right for you?
Which distribution you utilize will rely on the answer to three basic inquiries: 

How talented of a PC client would you say you are? 

Do you have an inclination toward a modern or a standard desktop interface? 

Server or desktop? 

On the off chance that your PC aptitudes are fairly basic, you'll need to stay with a beginner-friendly distribution, for example, Linux Mint, Ubuntu, or Deepin. In case you're skill set extends into the above-normal range, you could choose a distribution like Debian or Fedora. However, on the off chance that you've basically mastered the craft of PC and system administration, utilize a distribution like Gentoo. 

Installing Linux
For some or most users, installing an operating system might be a very tiring task. But believe it or not, Linux is one of those who offers the easiest way of installation of all operating systems. Truth be told, most versions of Linux offer what is called a Live distribution – which means you run the operating system from either a CD/DVD or USB flash drive without making any changes to your hard drive. You can have the opportunity to have to commit to the installations. Once you’re in it, and decided you want to try it, you just have to simply click the “install” icon and just walk through the simple installation wizard.

A simple walkthrough of the installation would be:

Preparing for your Linux Installation

First is you have to make sure that your computer or laptop meets the requirements that Linux needs for installation. The installation wizard might also ask you if you want to add third-party softwares such as video codecs, MP3 playback plugins, and etc.

If necessary, you might need a Wireless Setup. This would be much needed if you are using a laptop or any machines that are wireless. You will need to connect to the network, in order to download third-party softwares and updates.

The hard drive allocation step will allow you to select how you want the Linux operating system to be installed. It will let you choose if you want Linux to be installed alongside another existing OS which is called “dual booting”. Or you can entirely use the hard drive as Linux.

Installing softwares and applications on Linux

Just like the operating system itself being easy to install, applications are too. Because mostly of the modern Linux includes what most would consider as the “app store.” Deepin has the Deepin Software Center, Ubuntu has the Ubuntu Software Center. It is both classified as Synaptic and GNOME software.

Linux, Ubuntu to be specific, has the ability to install an app or software on its terminal or known in Windows as “CMD or command prompt.”

Here is a sample code for installing an application in the terminal:

Installing Google Chrome on Ubuntu Terminal Line

sudo sh -c 'echo "deb stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google.list'

sudo apt-get update 

sudo apt-get install google-chrome-stable

So that’s how Linux works! Hope you learned a lot.

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In Conclusion

Using Linux as your Operating System has its pros and cons. One good thing is that it is a freeware! You can just download it online and pay nothing. On the downside, some programs are just too difficult to install if you don’t know that much when it comes to computers or to Linux itself. Don’t get left behind! Explore the wonders in the world of computers! Life is a never ending process of learning.