Organic gardening is quickly becoming a growing trend all over the world. It’s the best way to eat more healthily while also protecting the environment. Starting an organic garden from scratch can be just as easy as transforming your current garden into an organic one. It might seem complicated at first, but there are simple things you can do to get started.
Taking care of the soil
In order for any kind of garden to thrive, the soil needs to be rich and well taken care of. The soil is what provides all the basic nutrients for plants and what helps them grow. On the other hand, we are all aware of the dangers of chemical fertilizers that are absorbed into the plants. Instead of that, you want to use natural, organic substances for the soil.
Manure, leaves, tree clippings, and any kind of natural leftovers can be transformed into compost. Adding compost to your soil is an organic way to increase the level of humus, which is the organic matter in the soil and the one that actually feeds the plants in your garden. You can easily make your own compost, as long as you follow the correct percentage of nitrogen and carbon.
Basically, things that are dry, such as dead leaves, straws, and sawdust, are rich in carbon, while manure and leftovers are rich in nitrogen. You want to use alternating layers of each of them, together with soil and water, so that bacteria can grow. The resulting compost can be mixed with soil or simply added around various plants.
Keeping the plants safe
The first thing to remember is that most insects on the planet are useful in some way, not harmful. However, pests can become a real nuisance and hinder your results. In organic gardening, you need to avoid any chemical pesticides that are not only harmful to the environment but potentially dangerous for family members and pets.
Luckily, there are plenty of natural alternatives to pesticides on the market. You can find out more about pesticides that are safe for pets on seedsandmore.net. Natural pesticides are effective against pests, without releasing harmful substances into the soil and without harming pets. Another solution for organic gardens is to encourage the presence of natural predators.
Various birds, lizards, and frogs can naturally keep pests under control, and having a water source in your garden is a good way to attract them. Certain insects, such as ladybugs and bees, can also have a positive effect on your organic garden.
Establishing a maintenance routine
Whether you choose to grow vegetables or flowers, you need to have a good routine and stick to it. Occasional garden work is not the best garden work. Everything in nature has a rhythm, and it’s best to follow that rhythm. For example, you can’t just water your plants anytime during the day or whenever you remember to do it.
According to horticulture specialists, morning is the best time to water your garden. Organic gardens are especially sensitive to weather and environmental conditions, and that is why you should avoid watering in the evening or in the afternoon, especially during the hot summer months. Also, make sure to only water the roots, not the green stems and leaves.
Weeding is another important process that should be done on a regular basis. Organic gardens often have more weeds, which means that you will need to make an extra effort. As long as you keep weeds under control, by weeding frequently, they won’t turn into a big problem. Also, you can prevent their spread by protecting the soil with organic mulch.